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Crime and Criminal Justice enforcement in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. A natural experiment

The pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus produce conditions that cannot otherwise be created, offering researchers an opportunity to develop procedural approximations to true experiments (Fagan, 1990). The differential lockdown of various cities in Romania allows us to observe and measure differences in the naturally occurring conditions (i.e. “the intervention”) and in the criterion behaviors (i.e. law criminal and/or deviant behavior, or the response of criminal justice workers) among subjects in these conditions.

The changes in environmental contingencies that affect criminal and/or deviant behavior, or the actions of the criminal justice system are brought in this case by the military ordinances limiting the movement of the population outside of their homes to the most essential of activities. More specifically, Military Ordinance nr. 6 enacted on 30.03.2020, which instituted the total quarantine of Suceava municipality, in conjunction with 7 adjacent localities: Adâncata, Salcea, Ipotești, Bosanci, Moara, Șcheia, Pătrăuți, and Mitocu Dragomirnei.

Based on data from the Romanian Police force regarding the criminality coefficient, data from the last census regarding the size of the population, the geographic proximity and historical similarities, Suceava and Botoșani municipalities constitute two highly comparable locations where researchers can observe the relative differences in the behavior of citizens and law enforcement alike.

The project can indicate the effect of the intervention, and the effectiveness of the various techniques employed by criminal justice and military personnel on crime rates. Also, it can indicate the effect on the behavior of police officers. These lessons can be used in preparing for the next pandemic.

News

Events

Publications

Team

COVID 3 Team EN

Lev Fejes, Ph.D.

COVID 3 Team EN

Maria Cucu

COVID 3 Team EN

Silvia Fierăscu, Ph.D.

COVID 3 Team EN

Ștefan Cibian, Ph.D.

Lev Fejes, Ph.D.

Lev holds a doctorate in criminal justice from the School of Criminal Justice within Michigan State University (MSU) and an MA in Nonprofit Organization Management from Babeș-Bolyai University. As the Head of Research at the Association for Community Relations (ARC) he is responsible for coordinating the organization’s research efforts related to philanthropy and corporate social responsibility. He is a founding member of the Initiative for European Democratic Culture (ICDE) think-tank, and a Research Fellow at the Făgaraș Research Institute and Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD). An enthusiast of research methods, at ARC he utilizes his research experience developed at the Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection (A-CAPP) within MSU in designing and implementing studies aimed at furthering the understanding of philanthropic behavior in Romania and at informing decisions with regards to the development needs of Romanian NGOs. In his other capacities, Lev pursues various topics related mainly to urban safety and policing. His area of expertise includes anti-counterfeiting strategies, consumer behavior, corporate social responsibility, philanthropy and public policy. His main academic research interests relate to criminology, product counterfeiting, policing and urban safety. He is also interested in more applied research on the topics of philanthropy and corporate social responsibility and is passionate about turning the world into a better place for each and all.
FRI PublicationsExpert CommentsNews and mass-mediaOther publicationsEvents

Maria Cucu

Maria is studying at “Radu Negru” National Highschool in Făgăraș and she has always wanted to be involved in the development of her local community. She is open to challenges, willing to learn more and more, and getting to know new ideas. She is an active person, both personally and socially. Therefore, she participated in organizing many events, as a volunteer, and attended different personal development courses. Although Mathematics has always been the main subject of study for her, she has always been eager to learn more about literature, arts, music, and history.
FRI PublicationsExpert CommentsNews and mass-mediaOther publicationsEvents

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Silvia Fierăscu, Ph.D.

Dr. Silvia Fierăscu has a PhD in Comparative Politics and Network Science from Central European University. Her research focuses primarily on quality of governance, political-business relations, and statistical analyses of network data. Silvia is involved in various interdisciplinary projects, translating complex problems into real-time applications for organizational management, political communication, and better governance.

Ștefan Cibian, Ph.D.

Dr. Ștefan Cibian is a member of the Board and the executive director of the Făgăraș Research Institute. Stefan is an Academy Associate with Chatham House – The Royal Institute of International Affairs, he is also teaching courses related to international development at Babeș-Bolyai University and manages Cibian Consulting S.R.L. In what concerns teaching and research, Stefan is focused on development and statehood in Sub-Saharan Africa, development policy, development assistance, international organizations, migration, and human rights. Stefan’s core interest in research is focused on international development, community development, Africa-EU relations, development policy, international relations theory, peacebuilding and fragile states, the link between research, policy, and practice, higher education policy and global affairs, including the EU. In terms of geographic focus, Stefan is primarily concerned with Sub-Saharan Africa, Central and Eastern Europe, the European Union, and transatlantic relations. In his consulting and civil society work, Stefan is focusing on civil society development in CEE, contributing to the development of civil society organizations. Stefan is the President of FOND, the Romanian NGDO Platform, the Treasurer of CONCORD – the European NGO Confederation for Humanitarian Aid and Development. He is also a board member for the following organizations: ARCADIA – The Romanian Association for International Cooperation and Development, Țara Făgărașului Community Foundation (FCTF), UiPath Foundation, and the Foundation for Youth Involvement (FIT). Stefan received his Ph.D. degree in political science and international relations (2012) as well as his M.A. in public policy (2006) from CEU – the Central European University. He also holds a BA in political science (2004, from Babeș-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca, Romania) and in law (2005, 1st of December 2019 University, Alba Iulia, Romania).
FRI PublicationsExpert CommentsNews and mass-mediaOther publicationsEvents

Departments: Research Department, Policy and Outreach Department, Society, Crisis and Resilience Program, Young Researchers Club

Regions: Romania

Topics: Criminology

The content of this page does not necessarily represent the official position of the program Civic Innovation Fund. All responsibility regarding the accuracy and coherence of the presented information resides with the owners of the webpage.

Crime and Criminal Justice enforcement in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. A natural experiment

The pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus produce conditions that cannot otherwise be created, offering researchers an opportunity to develop procedural approximations to true experiments (Fagan, 1990). The differential lockdown of various cities in Romania allows us to observe and measure differences in the naturally occurring conditions (i.e. “the intervention”) and in the criterion behaviors (i.e. law criminal and/or deviant behavior, or the response of criminal justice workers) among subjects in these conditions.

The changes in environmental contingencies that affect criminal and/or deviant behavior, or the actions of the criminal justice system are brought in this case by the military ordinances limiting the movement of the population outside of their homes to the most essential of activities. More specifically, Military Ordinance nr. 6 enacted on 30.03.2020, which instituted the total quarantine of Suceava municipality, in conjunction with 7 adjacent localities: Adâncata, Salcea, Ipotești, Bosanci, Moara, Șcheia, Pătrăuți, and Mitocu Dragomirnei.

Based on data from the Romanian Police force regarding the criminality coefficient, data from the last census regarding the size of the population, the geographic proximity and historical similarities, Suceava and Botoșani municipalities constitute two highly comparable locations where researchers can observe the relative differences in the behavior of citizens and law enforcement alike.

The project can indicate the effect of the intervention, and the effectiveness of the various techniques employed by criminal justice and military personnel on crime rates. Also, it can indicate the effect on the behavior of police officers. These lessons can be used in preparing for the next pandemic.

News

Events

Publications

Team

COVID 3 Team EN

Lev Fejes, Ph.D.

COVID 3 Team EN

Maria Cucu

COVID 3 Team EN

Silvia Fierăscu, Ph.D.

COVID 3 Team EN

Ștefan Cibian, Ph.D.

Lev Fejes, Ph.D.

Lev holds a doctorate in criminal justice from the School of Criminal Justice within Michigan State University (MSU) and an MA in Nonprofit Organization Management from Babeș-Bolyai University. As the Head of Research at the Association for Community Relations (ARC) he is responsible for coordinating the organization’s research efforts related to philanthropy and corporate social responsibility. He is a founding member of the Initiative for European Democratic Culture (ICDE) think-tank, and a Research Fellow at the Făgaraș Research Institute and Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD). An enthusiast of research methods, at ARC he utilizes his research experience developed at the Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection (A-CAPP) within MSU in designing and implementing studies aimed at furthering the understanding of philanthropic behavior in Romania and at informing decisions with regards to the development needs of Romanian NGOs. In his other capacities, Lev pursues various topics related mainly to urban safety and policing. His area of expertise includes anti-counterfeiting strategies, consumer behavior, corporate social responsibility, philanthropy and public policy. His main academic research interests relate to criminology, product counterfeiting, policing and urban safety. He is also interested in more applied research on the topics of philanthropy and corporate social responsibility and is passionate about turning the world into a better place for each and all.
FRI PublicationsExpert CommentsNews and mass-mediaOther publicationsEvents

Maria Cucu

Maria is studying at “Radu Negru” National Highschool in Făgăraș and she has always wanted to be involved in the development of her local community. She is open to challenges, willing to learn more and more, and getting to know new ideas. She is an active person, both personally and socially. Therefore, she participated in organizing many events, as a volunteer, and attended different personal development courses. Although Mathematics has always been the main subject of study for her, she has always been eager to learn more about literature, arts, music, and history.
FRI PublicationsExpert CommentsNews and mass-mediaOther publicationsEvents

Posts not found

Posts not found

Posts not found

Posts not found

Posts not found

Posts not found

Silvia Fierăscu, Ph.D.

Dr. Silvia Fierăscu has a PhD in Comparative Politics and Network Science from Central European University. Her research focuses primarily on quality of governance, political-business relations, and statistical analyses of network data. Silvia is involved in various interdisciplinary projects, translating complex problems into real-time applications for organizational management, political communication, and better governance.

Ștefan Cibian, Ph.D.

Dr. Ștefan Cibian is a member of the Board and the executive director of the Făgăraș Research Institute. Stefan is an Academy Associate with Chatham House – The Royal Institute of International Affairs, he is also teaching courses related to international development at Babeș-Bolyai University and manages Cibian Consulting S.R.L. In what concerns teaching and research, Stefan is focused on development and statehood in Sub-Saharan Africa, development policy, development assistance, international organizations, migration, and human rights. Stefan’s core interest in research is focused on international development, community development, Africa-EU relations, development policy, international relations theory, peacebuilding and fragile states, the link between research, policy, and practice, higher education policy and global affairs, including the EU. In terms of geographic focus, Stefan is primarily concerned with Sub-Saharan Africa, Central and Eastern Europe, the European Union, and transatlantic relations. In his consulting and civil society work, Stefan is focusing on civil society development in CEE, contributing to the development of civil society organizations. Stefan is the President of FOND, the Romanian NGDO Platform, the Treasurer of CONCORD – the European NGO Confederation for Humanitarian Aid and Development. He is also a board member for the following organizations: ARCADIA – The Romanian Association for International Cooperation and Development, Țara Făgărașului Community Foundation (FCTF), UiPath Foundation, and the Foundation for Youth Involvement (FIT). Stefan received his Ph.D. degree in political science and international relations (2012) as well as his M.A. in public policy (2006) from CEU – the Central European University. He also holds a BA in political science (2004, from Babeș-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca, Romania) and in law (2005, 1st of December 2019 University, Alba Iulia, Romania).
FRI PublicationsExpert CommentsNews and mass-mediaOther publicationsEvents

Departments/units: Research Department, Policy and Outreach Department, Society, Crisis and Resilience Program, Young Researchers Club

Regions: Romania

Topics: Criminology

The content of this page does not necessarily represent the official position of the program Civic Innovation Fund. All responsibility regarding the accuracy and coherence of the presented information resides with the owners of the webpage.